modifiers

Difference Between Modifiers 76 and 77

For this week, I thought I’d talk about 2 common modifiers used in diagnostic radiology–modifier 76 and 77. Let’s be honest though–talking about modifiers is probably not the most exciting coding thing to talk about–but it’s important. I’ll do my best to explain it in such a way that you actually read the whole article without getting bored– 🙂

So–modifier 76. If you look at the CPT book it says-

Ok, so the keywords here are ‘Repeat Procedure’ and ‘Same Physician.”

 

Now let’s look at modifier 77:

 

The keywords to look at here are ‘Repeat Procedure‘ by “Another Physician.’

So the difference between these modifiers is that modifier 76 is for a repeat procedure by the same physician on the same day, and modifier 77 is for a repeat procedure by a different physician on the same day.

In diagnostic radiology, I would say these modifiers are most commonly used on x-rays. Sometimes the same patient might need the same x-ray taken a few times during the course of the day. It could be x-rays for broken bones or chest x-rays to monitor different issues over time.

 

Le’ts look at a very common code- 71045. This is the CPT code for a 1 view chest x-ray.

 

Say if a patient had:

A 71045 was done at 8 am- read by Dr Smith, then later the same day

A 71045- done at 2 pm- read by Dr Smith

So basically this patient had 71045 done twice the same day. To bill these out, you have to add a modifier. In this case, this is the same procedure, read by the same physician. What modifier would you use?

You would add a modifier 76 to show that it’s a repeat CPT read by same radiologist. The 76 would go on the 71045 billed at 2 pm.

 

Let’s look at another example:

Say if a patient had:

71045 done at 9 am, read by Dr Smith, then later the same day

71045 done at 2 pm ready by Dr Jones

Now which modifier would you use? You would use a modifier 77 to show that this patient had 2 separate 71045’s done the same day, but NOT read by the same dr. You would add a modifier 77 on the 71045 from 2 pm. Does this make sense? You would use these modifiers to bill out 2 separate 71045’s the same day. You’re just trying to tell the insurance company if the same radiologist read the films or not. If you forget to add these modifiers, the insurance company most likely will think you made a mistake and billed out the same exam twice and deny one.

**Just a reminder–always follow client specific guidelines and insurance specific guidelines.

Questions? Feel free to comment below or email me at mightmedicalcoding@gmail.com.

 

Thanks for reading-

Lindsay

 

Midnight Medical Coding Products You Might Be Interested In:

 

Learn The 50 Most Common X-Ray CPT Codes-

Self-paced online course. Getting awesome reviews from fellow coders.

 

 

 

15 Questions Practice Coding Test

Practice coding the ICD-10-CM and CPT codes of HIPAA compliant X-ray reports. Answers and rationales provided.

 

 

 

 

 

Join the Midnight Medical Coding Stars- A membership only area where one HIPAA compliant diagnostic radiology report is added each week for you to code the ICD-10-CM and CPT codes. Answers provided.

 

Join the Midnight Medical Coding Stars

 

 

 

 

 

 

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ICD-10 Coding Tips

Beginners Guide To Coding Fractures Using ICD-10-CM-Part 2

Ok, as a follow up to last weeks post about 7th character A, for this week I thought I’d talk about 7th character D and more just about fracture coding in general. Here is a pic from my book:

 

Please see the pic where I have the star. It says 7th character D is used for encounters after the patient has completed active treatment of the condition and is receiving routine care for the condition during the healing or recovery phase. Ok, just like I mentioned in the last blog post,  the 7th character is not determined by provider or how many visits the patient has had, or anything like that. It just has to do with if the patient is in the healing/recovery phase or not. Examples of the recovery phase: if the patient is having x-rays to determine how a fracture is healing= 7th character D. Sometimes keywords in the report help as well. A radiologist will never say “patient is now in recovery/healing phase.” Keywords for healing is if the documentation mentions “callus formation.” Callus formation means the bones are healing.

Just in general, here are some more facts about fracture coding. These are all found in the ICD-10-CM Book in the guidelines about fracture coding. All fractures default to a displaced fracture if it is not documented as displaced or nondisplaced. (Displaced basically just means the bones are not lined up right). If the report specifies ‘nondisplaced’ fracture, then code it as nondisplaced.

All fractures default to a “closed” fracture if it’s not documented. Closed fracture means that there’s a broken bone but it is not coming out through the skin. This is really gross to think about but since we’re coders, we have to. Basically, if the report states “open fracture,” you’d code it as open fracture. But what that means is that the bone is so broken and messed up that you’d be able to see it. It’s through the skin (these are very bad fractures, sometimes from gunshot wounds and those types of injuries). Don’t worry–I will never post any real pics of fractures or anything on this site. Even though I can read reports for work, I can not look at real pictures or video of anything medical without completely losing it and feeling sick. Not sure if everyone is like that, but I’m the worst. It’s amazing I can even work as a coder I’m so bad with it.

Here are some different types of fractures, but these are drawings so I can handle it 🙂

 

 

Do you have any questions about fracture coding? Please comment below or email me at midnightmedicalcoding@gmail.com.

Thanks for reading-

Lindsay

 

Other Midnight Medical Coding Products you may be interested in:

 

Learn The 50 Most Common X-Ray CPT Codes-

Self-paced online course. Getting awesome reviews from fellow coders.

 

 

 

15 Questions Practice Coding Test

Practice coding the ICD-10-CM and CPT codes of HIPAA compliant X-ray reports. Answers and rationales provided.

 

 

 

 

 

Join the Midnight Medical Coding Stars- A membership only area where one HIPAA compliant diagnostic radiology report is added each week for you to code the ICD-10-CM and CPT codes. Answers provided.

 

Join the Midnight Medical Coding Stars

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Midnight Medical Coding Stars

Practice Report To Code

Everyone knows that coding takes practice, right? I mean it would be really nice if we just woke up one day, and knew how to code all the different specialties. (I admit I still have nightmares about learning how to code E/M).

 

Looking back, I remember a teacher I had who used to say, “The more you practice, the better you get.” That couldn’t be more true when it comes to medical coding. If you don’t practice EVER, you just won’t become familiar with certain types of reports. The problem is though–practice reports are hard to come by. There’s not too much out there, especially for diagnostic radiology coding.

But have no fear–I have reports that I can share. Each one is a diagnostic radiology report (x-rays, ultrasounds, ct, cta, mri, mra, duplex) For each one, you code the CPT and ICD-10-CM code, and then check your work. I am always available for questions–feel free to email me (midnightmedicalcoding@gmail.com).

So, everyone get a pencil and piece of paper if you’re old school like me, or use a tablet/device to take notes on.

For this report, please code the CPT and ICD-10-CM code.

**These reports are HIPAA compliant and do not contain PHI.

Ready for the answers? No cheating…

 

 

So, did you get the right answers? It’s okay if you didn’t. Remember–all types of coding take practice. Want to have a shot at practicing radiology coding? The good news is–I have more practice reports available! Each week I post a new report for you to code. Right now there are 20 reports available immediately and a new one will be added each Monday.

Join the Midnight Medical Coding Stars. That is a membership-only area where I post all of the reports.

 

I can’t just share these reports with the whole world. This is special and it’s reserved for only certain people. It is only $4.99 per month. That is a steal. That’s less than 1 Starbucks coffee.

 

I hope you’ll join us!

 

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common coding mistakes, ICD-10-CM Coding Tips

ICD-10-CM Coding Tip About The M50 Series

Say what you will, but there are tons of ICD-10-CM Codes used for the different spine conditions. Even if you are not a newbie coder–it can be confusing. This post is not about all the different codes, but just one specific note for the M50 series. If you look at M50, you will see, ‘Note: Code to the most superior level of the disorder.’ If you’ve never noticed this before, please go check it out in the ICD-10 book right now. Below is a pic of my book and the note is highlighted in orange.

Here is a pic from my book.

So the long and short of it is, you only need to code the disorder for the highest level that’s documented in the report. So say if you’re coding an MRI and the dx is cervical disc disorders with myelopathy, and it’s documented at the C3-C4 level and also C5-C6 in the report–you would only code M50.01. You do not need the code M50.021. I can’t tell you how many times I see coders make this mistake. Here’s the kicker, sometimes it’s not even coders who make this mistake. Sometimes it’s a coding engine. But bear in mind though that there’s no way a coding engine can ‘know’ all the rules. But as coders we have no excuse. When all is said and done, we really just have to know this stuff.

 

 

 

 

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Coding Course

Diagnostic Radiology Online Coding Course

Midnight Medical Coding will be offering an online diagnostic radiology coding course starting in January 2019! This course focuses on x-ray CPT coding. You’ll learn the most common codes, how to look them up in the book and you’ll practice coding HIPAA compliant reports.

The course is done at your own pace and I’m always available for questions. There’s 9 modules (may ultimately end up being 10) which includes videos for instruction, pdf downloads, quizzes and practice coding exercises.

Students will also have the option of joining a private Facebook group just for people who take this course. That is where I can always be reached and I’ll also be sharing supplemental materials there. It also will be a place for students just to connect and talk to each other.

I’m super excited about this! Cost is $50.00 and you will have access to the course to December 2019.

If you want to stay in the loop and be notified when this course becomes available please go to: https://midnightmedicalcoding.podia.com/intro-to-x-ray-cpt-… and sign up for updates.

x-ray class cover

Uncategorized

Why It’s Beneficial To Know How To Code Diagnostic Radiology

I just wanted to shed some light on something. I’m not sure if this is the best topic for one of my first blog posts, but here it is anyway. The other day, the topic of off-shoring came up in a coding discussion. It is a sensitive subject and we can’t pull the wool over our eyes and pretend it’s not there. But I don’t want new coders to feel that they should avoid learning diagnostic radiology coding, thinking it would be a waste of time and abandon ship. The fact is that coding in ALL specialties can end up going off-shore. This is something that happens in any coding specialty and is not diagnostic radiology coding-specific. Say what you will, but this is something that most coders are well aware of, and I have never heard of that fact alone being the sole reason that someone does not pursue radiology coding.

Another thing to keep in mind too, is that coding needs to be audited. Not just radiology coding but all coding, no matter where it is coded originally. Usually the coding gets audited here in the USA. Now, I’m sure there are exceptions to this somewhere out there, but in my experience this has been the case. In order to audit it, you have to know how to code it first right? So if it is something you’re interested in, don’t miss the boat!

Another reason to learn diagnostic radiology coding is because it is a good account for new coders to get their feet wet. Why do they start with the radiology accounts? Because it is easier than starting with other types of coding, say brain surgeries, transplants etc. While it’s true that it is easier than some types of coding, it has it’s own set of rules, and is a specialty in and of itself. If you are a diagnostic radiology coder, not only will you become proficient in aspects of CPT coding, you will become familiar with all sections of the ICD-10-CM book. You use a full range of codes which is a very valuable skill set. Even if you decide not to stay in diagnostic radiology coding–these skills transfer over to other coding specialties.

So, to make a long story short, there are many different coding specialties, and unfortunately some coding does end up going offshore, in ALL specialties. But you would be doing yourself a disservice if you decide not to learn diagnostic radiology coding based on that alone. There are thousands of radiologists in this country and many of them see the benefits of having the coding of their practice stay in the US. Not only that, radiology coding lends itself to learning so many different aspects of CPT and ICD-10-CM coding and these skills are valuable for any coder to have.
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